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Taxation -- Great Britain -- History
Income tax -- Law and legislation -- Great Britain -- History
The feudal incidents, rights, duties, and services provided revenue (aid) for the royal government. For example, scutage mean a vassal or knight could discharge his duty to provide military service by a cash payment in lieu. Chapter 12 of Magna Carta (1215) stated that no scutage or aid (except in 3 specified instances) shall be imposed on the kingdom unless by common counsel (agreement) & that all cases the scutage or aid should be reasonable.
1377 & 1379 Poll Taxes granted by the House of Commons
1380 Third Poll Tax (rate of 1 shilling for every man & woman) led to Peasants' Revolt
1635 - Ship Money extended beyond coastal counties
1643 - Excise duties first imposed (beer & tobacco)
1693 - The Land Tax first imposed
1694 - Stamp Duty introduced, originally a tax on paper & vellum it survives as a tax collected by stamping legal documents giving effect to certain transactions, particularly real property and shares & securities
1696 - Window Tax imposed (in force till 1851)
1799 - Income Tax introduced
1816 - Income Tax abolished
1842 - Income Tax reintroduced
1861 - Establishment of the House of Commons' Public Accounts Committee
1909 - Lloyd George's 'People's Budget'
"Introduced old age pensions and required steep increases in taxation, including rises in death duties and a new 'supertax' on the wealthy. Further welfare reforms up to 1914 (national insurance, unemployment assistance) required more increases in taxation"
1918 - The Income Tax Act (consolidation act)
1940 - Purchase Tax introduced
1941 - Income Tax standard rate at an all-time high of 10 shillings in the pound
1944 - PAYE system (Pay As You Earn) introduced
1973 - VAT (Value Added Tax) introduced
1989-90 - Poll Tax (or Community Charge)
1993 Council Tax (replaces Poll Tax)